Le présent billet a été rédigé par Jonathan Goldberg, que je remercie. Une traduction en français sera publiée prochainement sur ce blog.
Biomimicry is a new discipline that studies nature's best ideas and then imitates these designs and processes to solve human problems: "innovation inspired by nature." (Biomimicry Institute).
The following are examples of products that have been developed or activities that are being conducted today:
- a heat-stable vaccine storage that eliminates the need for costly refrigeration. The process is based on a natural process that enables the resurrection plant to remain in a desiccated state for years.
- mimicking the spider's sustainable manufacturing process to find a way for humans to manufacture fibers without heat or toxins.
- mimicking the silica-production process employed by diatoms. This could signal a low-energy, low-toxin route to computer components.
- mimicking the process by which the brittlestar self-assembles distortion-free lenses out of seawater.
"The more our world functions like the natural world, the more likely we are to endure on this home that is ours, but not ours alone." – Janine Benyus, author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature
Design Inspiration from Nature – Biomimicry for a Better Planet
Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature
Janine Benyus: Biomimicry in action
Biomimicry - Discovery World
Bio-Inspiration: Nature as Muse - KQED QUEST
Definition of MIMICRY
1 a: an instance of mimicking; b : the action, practice, or art of mimicking
2: a superficial resemblance of one organism to another or to natural objects among which it lives that secures it a selective advantage (as protection from predation)(Merriam Webster Online Dictionary)
Mimicry (from mimic) has been in use since 1680 and, in its zoological sense, since 1861 (Online Etymology Dictionary)
Biomimicry is from bios, meaning life, and mimesis, meaning to imitate.
Mimicry - Encyclopedia Brittanica
Surviving by Disguising: Nature’s Game of Charades – New York Times